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Pacaya Volcano, Guatemala
The Volcan de Pacaya massif rises above skyscrapers of the capital city of Guatemala, located only 30 km to the north.
The rounded, forested lava dome of Cerro Grande forms the 2560 m high point at the left.
The twin peak at the right is the historically active vent of Pacaya, with the right-hand summit being MacKenney cone, which has been active since 1965.
The modern cone was constructed within an arcuate caldera whose rim forms the ridge on either side.
Eruptions of Pacaya are often visible from Guatemala City.
Eruptions from Pacaya, one of Guatemala's most active volcanoes, are frequently visible from Guatemala City, the nation's capital.
Pacaya is a complex basaltic volcano constructed just outside the southern topographic rim of the 14 x 16 km Pleistocene Amatitlan caldera.
A cluster of dacitic lava domes occupies the southern caldera floor.
The post-caldera Pacaya massif includes the Cerro Grande lava dome and a younger volcano to the SW.
Collapse of Pacaya volcano about 1100 years ago produced a debris-avalanche deposit that extends 25 km onto the Pacific coastal plain and left an arcuate somma rim inside which the modern Pacaya volcano (MacKenney cone) grew.
A subsidiary crater, Cerro Chino, was constructed on the NW somma rim and was last active in the 19th century.
During the past several decades, activity at Pacaya has consisted of frequent strombolian eruptions with intermittent lava flow extrusion that has partially filled in the caldera moat and armored the flanks of MacKenney cone, punctuated by occasional larger explosive eruptions that partially destroy the summit of the cone.
PHOTO SOURCE: Bill Rose, 1989 (Michigan Technological University), courtesy of the Global Volcanism Program, Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History, used with permission.
NOTE: The information regarding Volcano on this page is re-published from other sources. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Volcano information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Volcano photos should be addressed to the copyright owner noted below the photo.
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This page was last modified 23-FEB-10
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