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Belgium Economy 2009
https://geographic.org/wfb2009/belgium/belgium_economy.html
SOURCE: 2009 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK

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Belgium Economy 2009
SOURCE: 2009 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK


Economy - overview:
This modern, private-enterprise economy has capitalized on its central geographic location, highly developed transport network, and diversified industrial and commercial base. Industry is concentrated mainly in the populous Flemish area in the north. With few natural resources, Belgium must import substantial quantities of raw materials and export a large volume of manufactures, making its economy unusually dependent on the state of world markets. Roughly three-quarters of its trade is with other EU countries. Public debt is more than 80% of GDP. On the positive side, the government succeeded in balancing its budget during the 2000-2008 period, and income distribution is relatively equal. Belgium began circulating the euro currency in January 2002. Economic growth and foreign direct investment dropped in 2008. In 2009 Belgium is likely to have negative growth, growing unemployment, and a 3% budget deficit, stemming from the worldwide banking crisis.

GDP (purchasing power parity):
$390.5 billion (2008 est.)
$385.5 billion (2007)
$375.7 billion (2006)
note: data are in 2008 US dollars

GDP (official exchange rate):
$495.4 billion (2008)

GDP - real growth rate:
1.3% (2008)
2.6% (2007 est.)
3% (2006 est.)

GDP - per capita (PPP):
$37,500 (2008 est.)
$37,100 (2007 est.)
$36,200 (2006 est.)
note: data are in 2008 US dollars

GDP - composition by sector:
agriculture: 1%
industry: 24.2%
services: 74.9% (2008 est.)

Labor force:
4.99 million (2008)

Labor force - by occupation:
agriculture: 2%
industry: 25%
services: 73% (2007 est.)

Unemployment rate:
6.5% (2008)

Household income or consumption by percentage share:
lowest 10%: 3.4%
highest 10%: 28.4% (2000)

Distribution of family income - Gini index:
28 (2005)

Investment (gross fixed):
21.3% of GDP (2008 est.)

Budget:
revenues: $251.3 billion
expenditures: $254.2 billion (2008 est.)

Public debt:
80.8% of GDP (2008)

Inflation rate (consumer prices):
4.5% (2008)

Commercial bank prime lending rate:
2.1% (30 January 2009)

Stock of money:
$953.6 million
note: see entry for the European Union for money supply in the euro area; the European Central Bank (ECB) controls monetary policy for the 16 members of the Economic and Monetary Union (EMU); individual members of the EMU do not control the quantity of money and quasi money circulating within their own borders (31 December 2007)

Stock of quasi money:
NA

Stock of domestic credit:
$767.7 billion (31 December 2007)

Market value of publicly traded shares:
$386.4 billion (31 December 2007)

Agriculture - products:
sugar beets, fresh vegetables, fruits, grain, tobacco; beef, veal, pork, milk

Industries:
engineering and metal products, motor vehicle assembly, transportation equipment, scientific instruments, processed food and beverages, chemicals, basic metals, textiles, glass, petroleum

Industrial production growth rate:
2% (2008 est.)

Electricity - production:
82.94 billion kWh (2007 est.)

Electricity - consumption:
85.54 billion kWh (2006 est.)

Electricity - exports:
9.035 billion kWh (2007 est.)

Electricity - imports:
15.78 billion kWh (2007 est.)

Oil - production:
8,671 bbl/day (2007 est.)

Oil - consumption:
628,500 bbl/day (2007 est.)

Oil - exports:
528,700 bbl/day (2005)

Oil - imports:
1.119 million bbl/day (2005)

Oil - proved reserves:
0 bbl (1 January 2006 est.)

Natural gas - production:
0 cu m (2007 est.)

Natural gas - consumption:
17.39 billion cu m (2007 est.)

Natural gas - exports:
0 cu m (2007 est.)

Natural gas - imports:
17.34 billion cu m (2007 est.)

Natural gas - proved reserves:
0 cu m (1 January 2006)

Current account balance:
$3.972 billion (2008 est.)

Exports:
$372.9 billion f.o.b. (2008 est.)

Exports - commodities:
machinery and equipment, chemicals, diamonds, metals and metal products, foodstuffs

Exports - partners:
Germany 19.5%, France 16.7%, Netherlands 11.9%, UK 7.6%, US 5.7%, Italy 5.2% (2007)

Imports:
$375.2 billion f.o.b. (2008 est.)

Imports - commodities:
machinery and equipment, chemicals, diamonds, pharmaceuticals, foodstuffs, transportation equipment, oil products

Imports - partners:
Germany 17.7%, Netherlands 17.6%, France 11.2%, UK 6.2%, US 5.4%, Ireland 4.9%, China 4.1% (2007)

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold:
$16.51 billion (2007 est.)

Debt - external:
$1.313 trillion (30 June 2007)

Stock of direct foreign investment - at home:
$733.9 billion (2008 est.)

Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad:
$581.9 billion (2008 est.)

Exchange rates:
euros (EUR) per US dollar - 0.6827 (2008), 0.7345 (2007), 0.7964 (2006), 0.8041 (2005), 0.8054 (2004)


NOTE: The information regarding Belgium on this page is re-published from the 2009 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Belgium Economy 2009 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Belgium Economy 2009 should be addressed to the CIA.






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