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Ethiopia Introduction 2009
https://geographic.org/wfb2009/ethiopia/ethiopia_introduction.html
SOURCE: 2009 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK

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Ethiopia Introduction 2009
SOURCE: 2009 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK


Background:
Unique among African countries, the ancient Ethiopian monarchy maintained its freedom from colonial rule with the exception of a short-lived Italian occupation from 1936-41. In 1974, a military junta, the Derg, deposed Emperor Haile SELASSIE (who had ruled since 1930) and established a socialist state. Torn by bloody coups, uprisings, wide-scale drought, and massive refugee problems, the regime was finally toppled in 1991 by a coalition of rebel forces, the Ethiopian People's Revolutionary Democratic Front (EPRDF). A constitution was adopted in 1994, and Ethiopia's first multiparty elections were held in 1995. A border war with Eritrea late in the 1990s ended with a peace treaty in December 2000. The Eritrea-Ethiopia Border Commission in November 2007 remotely demarcated the border by geographical coordinates, but final demarcation of the boundary on the ground is currently on hold because of Ethiopian objections to an international commission's finding requiring it to surrender territory considered sensitive to Ethiopia.


NOTE: The information regarding Ethiopia on this page is re-published from the 2009 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Ethiopia Introduction 2009 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Ethiopia Introduction 2009 should be addressed to the CIA.






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