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Guinea-Bissau Economy 2009
https://geographic.org/wfb2009/guineabissau/guineabissau_economy.html
SOURCE: 2009 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK

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GuineaBissau Economy 2009
SOURCE: 2009 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK


Economy - overview:
One of the five poorest countries in the world, Guinea-Bissau depends mainly on farming and fishing. Cashew crops have increased remarkably in recent years, and the country now ranks fifth in cashew production. Guinea-Bissau exports fish and seafood along with small amounts of peanuts, palm kernels, and timber. Rice is the major crop and staple food. However, intermittent fighting between Senegalese-backed government troops and a military junta destroyed much of the country's infrastructure and caused widespread damage to the economy in 1998; the civil war led to a 28% drop in GDP that year, with partial recovery in 1999-2002. Before the war, trade reform and price liberalization were the most successful part of the country's structural adjustment program under IMF sponsorship. The tightening of monetary policy and the development of the private sector had also begun to reinvigorate the economy. Because of high costs, the development of petroleum, phosphate, and other mineral resources is not a near-term prospect. Offshore oil prospecting is underway in several sectors but has not yet led to commercially viable crude deposits. The inequality of income distribution is one of the most extreme in the world. The government and international donors continue to work out plans to forward economic development from a lamentably low base. In December 2003, the World Bank, IMF, and UNDP were forced to step in to provide emergency budgetary support in the amount of $107 million for 2004, representing over 80% of the total national budget. Government drift and indecision, however, resulted in continued low growth in 2002-06. Higher raw material prices boosted growth to 3.7% in 2007 and 3.9% in 2008.

GDP (purchasing power parity):
$857 million (2008 est.)
$830.4 million (2007)
$808.6 million (2006)
note: data are in 2008 US dollars

GDP (official exchange rate):
$442 million (2008 est.)

GDP - real growth rate:
3.2% (2008 est.)
2.7% (2007 est.)
1.8% (2006 est.)

GDP - per capita (PPP):
$600 (2008 est.)
$600 (2007 est.)
$600 (2006 est.)
note: data are in 2008 US dollars

GDP - composition by sector:
agriculture: 62%
industry: 12%
services: 26% (1999 est.)

Labor force:
480,000 (1999)

Labor force - by occupation:
agriculture: 82%
industry and services: 18% (2000 est.)

Unemployment rate:
NA%

Household income or consumption by percentage share:
lowest 10%: 0.5%
highest 10%: 42.4% (1991)

Budget:
revenues: $NA
expenditures: $NA

Inflation rate (consumer prices):
3.8% (2007 est.)

Central bank discount rate:
4.25% (31 December 2007)

Stock of money:
$142.5 million (31 December 2007)

Stock of quasi money:
$12.04 million (31 December 2007)

Stock of domestic credit:
$46.44 million (31 December 2007)

Market value of publicly traded shares:
$NA

Agriculture - products:
rice, corn, beans, cassava (tapioca), cashew nuts, peanuts, palm kernels, cotton; timber; fish

Industries:
agricultural products processing, beer, soft drinks

Industrial production growth rate:
4.7% (2003 est.)

Electricity - production:
60 million kWh (2006 est.)

Electricity - consumption:
55.8 million kWh (2006 est.)

Electricity - exports:
0 kWh (2007 est.)

Electricity - imports:
0 kWh (2007 est.)

Oil - production:
0 bbl/day (2007 est.)

Oil - consumption:
2,520 bbl/day (2006 est.)

Oil - exports:
0 bbl/day (2005)

Oil - imports:
2,560 bbl/day (2005)

Oil - proved reserves:
0 bbl (1 January 2006 est.)

Natural gas - production:
0 cu m (2007 est.)

Natural gas - consumption:
0 cu m (2007 est.)

Natural gas - exports:
0 cu m (2007 est.)

Natural gas - imports:
0 cu m (2007 est.)

Natural gas - proved reserves:
0 cu m (1 January 2006 est.)

Current account balance:
-$6 million (2007 est.)

Exports:
$133 million f.o.b. (2006)

Exports - commodities:
cashew nuts, shrimp, peanuts, palm kernels, sawn lumber

Exports - partners:
Brazil 56.2%, India 33.6%, Nigeria 8.3% (2007)

Imports:
$200 million f.o.b. (2006)

Imports - commodities:
foodstuffs, machinery and transport equipment, petroleum products

Imports - partners:
Portugal 21.7%, Senegal 16.8%, France 6%, Pakistan 4.7% (2007)

Debt - external:
$941.5 million (2000 est.)

Exchange rates:
Communaute Financiere Africaine francs (XOF) per US dollar - 447.81 (2008 est.), 493.51 (2007), 522.59 (2006), 527.47 (2005), 528.29 (2004)
note: since 1 January 1999, the West African CFA franc (XOF) has been pegged to the euro at a rate of 655.957 CFA francs per euro; West African CFA franc (XOF) coins and banknotes are not accepted in countries using Central African CFA francs (XAF), and vice versa, even though the two currencies trade at par


NOTE: The information regarding Guinea-Bissau on this page is re-published from the 2009 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Guinea-Bissau Economy 2009 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Guinea-Bissau Economy 2009 should be addressed to the CIA.






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