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Honduras Economy 2009
https://geographic.org/wfb2009/honduras/honduras_economy.html
SOURCE: 2009 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK

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Honduras Economy 2009
SOURCE: 2009 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK


Economy - overview:
Honduras, the second poorest country in Central America, has an extraordinarily unequal distribution of income and high unemployment. The economy relies heavily on a narrow range of exports, notably bananas and coffee, making it vulnerable to natural disasters and shifts in commodity prices; however, investments in the maquila and non-traditional export sectors are slowly diversifying the economy. Economic growth remains dependent on the US economy its largest trading partner, and will decline in 2009 as a result of reduction in export demand and tightening global credit markets. Remittances represent over a quarter of GDP or nearly three-quarters of exports. The US-Central America Free Trade Agreement (CAFTA) came into force in 2006 and has helped foster investment. Despite improvements in tax collections, the government's fiscal deficit is growing due to increases in current expenditures and financial losses from the state energy and telephone companies.

GDP (purchasing power parity):
$33.63 billion (2008 est.)
$32.34 billion (2007)
$30.42 billion (2006)
note: data are in 2008 US dollars

GDP (official exchange rate):
$13.78 billion (2008 est.)

GDP - real growth rate:
4% (2008 est.)
6.3% (2007 est.)
6.3% (2006 est.)

GDP - per capita (PPP):
$4,400 (2008 est.)
$4,300 (2007 est.)
$4,200 (2006 est.)
note: data are in 2008 US dollars

GDP - composition by sector:
agriculture: 13.4%
industry: 28.2%
services: 58.5% (2008 est.)

Labor force:
2.892 million (2008 est.)

Labor force - by occupation:
agriculture: 39.2%
industry: 20.9%
services: 39.8% (2005 est.)

Unemployment rate:
27.8% (2007 est.)

Household income or consumption by percentage share:
lowest 10%: 1.2%
highest 10%: 42.2% (2003)

Distribution of family income - Gini index:
53.8 (2003)

Investment (gross fixed):
31.5% of GDP (2008 est.)

Budget:
revenues: $2.628 billion
expenditures: $3.183 billion; including capital expenditures of $106 million (2008 est.)

Public debt:
21% of GDP (2008 est.)

Inflation rate (consumer prices):
11.9% (2008 est.)

Central bank discount rate:
NA

Commercial bank prime lending rate:
16.61% (31 December 2007)

Stock of money:
$1.573 billion (31 December 2007)

Stock of quasi money:
$5.266 billion (31 December 2007)

Stock of domestic credit:
$6.298 billion (31 December 2007)

Market value of publicly traded shares:
$NA

Agriculture - products:
bananas, coffee, citrus; beef; timber; shrimp, tilapia, lobster; corn, African palm

Industries:
sugar, coffee, textiles, clothing, wood products

Industrial production growth rate:
4% (2008 est.)

Electricity - production:
5.753 billion kWh (2006 est.)

Electricity - consumption:
4.233 billion kWh (2006 est.)

Electricity - exports:
0 kWh (2007 est.)

Electricity - imports:
11.8 million kWh (2007 est.)

Oil - production:
0 bbl/day (2007 est.)

Oil - consumption:
46,830 bbl/day (2006 est.)

Oil - exports:
417.9 bbl/day (2005)

Oil - imports:
44,040 bbl/day (2005)

Oil - proved reserves:
0 bbl (1 January 2006 est.)

Natural gas - production:
0 cu m (2007 est.)

Natural gas - consumption:
0 cu m (2007 est.)

Natural gas - exports:
0 cu m (2007 est.)

Natural gas - imports:
0 cu m (2007 est.)

Natural gas - proved reserves:
0 cu m (1 January 2006 est.)

Current account balance:
-$2.047 billion (2008 est.)

Exports:
$6.236 billion f.o.b. (2008 est.)

Exports - commodities:
coffee, shrimp, bananas, gold, palm oil, fruit, lobster, lumber

Exports - partners:
US 67.2%, El Salvador 4.9%, Guatemala 3.9% (2007)

Imports:
$10.2 billion f.o.b. (2008 est.)

Imports - commodities:
machinery and transport equipment, industrial raw materials, chemical products, fuels, foodstuffs

Imports - partners:
US 52.4%, Guatemala 7.1%, El Salvador 5.2%, Mexico 4.5%, Costa Rica 4.2% (2007)

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold:
$2.096 billion (31 December 2008 est.)

Debt - external:
$3.602 billion (31 December 2008 est.)

Exchange rates:
lempiras (HNL) per US dollar - 18.983 (2008 est.), 18.9 (2007), 18.895 (2006), 18.92 (2005), 18.206 (2004)


NOTE: The information regarding Honduras on this page is re-published from the 2009 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Honduras Economy 2009 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Honduras Economy 2009 should be addressed to the CIA.






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