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Somalia People 2009
http://www.geographic.org/wfb2009/somalia/somalia_people.html
SOURCE: 2009 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK

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Population:
9,832,017
note: this estimate was derived from an official census taken in 1975 by the Somali Government; population counting in Somalia is complicated by the large number of nomads and by refugee movements in response to famine and clan warfare (July 2009 est.)

Age structure:
0-14 years: 45% (male 2,215,331/female 2,204,503)
15-64 years: 52.6% (male 2,588,356/female 2,579,737)
65 years and over: 2.5% (male 101,764/female 142,326) (2009 est.)

Median age:
total: 17.5 years
male: 17.4 years
female: 17.6 years (2009 est.)

Population growth rate:
2.815% (2009 est.)

Birth rate:
43.7 births/1,000 population (2009 est.)

Death rate:
15.89 deaths/1,000 population (2008 est.)

Net migration rate:
0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2009 est.)

Urbanization:
urban population: 37% of total population (2008)
rate of urbanization: 4.2% annual rate of change (2005-10 est.)

Sex ratio:
at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 1 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.72 male(s)/female
total population: 1 male(s)/female (2009 est.)

Infant mortality rate:
total: 109.19 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 118.31 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 99.79 deaths/1,000 live births (2009 est.)

Life expectancy at birth:
total population: 49.63 years
male: 47.78 years
female: 51.53 years (2009 est.)


See also: Healthy Life Expectancy


See also: Health Performance

Total fertility rate:
6.52 children born/woman (2009 est.)

HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:
0.5% (2007 est.)

HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:
24,000 (2007 est.)

HIV/AIDS - deaths:
1,600 (2007 est.)

Major infectious diseases:
degree of risk: high
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A and E, and typhoid fever
vectorborne diseases: dengue fever, malaria, and Rift Valley fever
water contact disease: schistosomiasis
animal contact disease: rabies (2009)

Nationality:
noun: Somali(s)
adjective: Somali

Ethnic groups:
Somali 85%, Bantu and other non-Somali 15% (including Arabs 30,000)

Religions:
Sunni Muslim

Languages:
Somali (official), Arabic, Italian, English

Literacy:
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 37.8%
male: 49.7%
female: 25.8% (2001 est.)

Education expenditures:
NA


NOTE: The information regarding Somalia on this page is re-published from the 2009 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Somalia People 2009 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Somalia People 2009 should be addressed to the CIA.



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This page was last modified 10-Jun-09
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