Iraq PEOPLE 2013

GEOGRAPHICAL NAMES Spanish Simplified Chinese French German Russian Hindi Arabic Portuguese

Page last updated on February 12, 2013

noun: Iraqi(s)
adjective: Iraqi

Ethnic groups:
Arab 75%-80%, Kurdish 15%-20%, Turkoman, Assyrian, or other 5%

Arabic (official), Kurdish (official), Turkmen (a Turkish dialect) and Assyrian (Neo-Aramaic) are official in areas where they constitute a majority of the population), Armenian

Muslim (official) 97% (Shia 60%-65%, Sunni 32%-37%), Christian or other 3%
note: while there has been voluntary relocation of many Christian families to northern Iraq, recent reporting indicates that the overall Christian population may have dropped by as much as 50 percent since the fall of the Saddam HUSSEIN regime in 2003, with many fleeing to Syria, Jordan, and Lebanon

31,129,225 (July 2012 est.)
country comparison to the world: 39
[see also: Population country ranks ]

Age structure:
0-14 years: 37.6% (male 5,959,562/female 5,751,970)
[see also: Age structure 0-14 years country ranks ]
15-24 years: 19.7% (male 3,111,171/female 3,020,591)
25-54 years: 35.4% (male 5,625,840/female 5,396,415)
55-64 years: 4.2% (male 618,165/female 677,947)
65 years and over: 3.1% (male 450,516/female 517,048) (2012 est.)

Median age:
total: 21.1 years
[see also: Median age - total country ranks ]
male: 21 years
female: 21.2 years (2012 est.)

Population growth rate:
2.345% (2012 est.)
country comparison to the world: 35
[see also: Population growth rate country ranks ]

Birth rate:
28.19 births/1,000 population (2012 est.)
country comparison to the world: 45
[see also: Birth rate country ranks ]

Death rate:
4.73 deaths/1,000 population (July 2012 est.)
country comparison to the world: 196
[see also: Death rate country ranks ]

Net migration rate:
0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2012 est.)
country comparison to the world: 89
[see also: Net migration rate country ranks ]

urban population: 66% of total population (2010)
[see also: Urbanization - urban population country ranks ]
rate of urbanization: 2.6% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)

Major cities - population:
BAGHDAD (capital) 5.751 million; Mosul 1.447 million; Erbil 1.009 million; Basra 923,000; As Sulaymaniyah 836,000 (2009)

Sex ratio:
at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
[see also: Sex ratio - at birth country ranks ]
under 15 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 1.03 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.87 male(s)/female
total population: 1.03 male(s)/female (2011 est.)

Maternal mortality rate:
63 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)
country comparison to the world: 96
[see also: Maternal mortality rate country ranks ]

Infant mortality rate:
total: 40.25 deaths/1,000 live births
country comparison to the world: 62
male: 44.43 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 35.86 deaths/1,000 live births (2012 est.)

Life expectancy at birth:
total population: 70.85 years
country comparison to the world: 145
male: 69.41 years
female: 72.35 years (2012 est.)

Total fertility rate:
3.58 children born/woman (2012 est.)
country comparison to the world: 46
[see also: Total fertility rate country ranks ]

Health expenditures:
9.7% of GDP (2009)
country comparison to the world: 33
[see also: Health expenditures country ranks ]

Physicians density:
0.69 physicians/1,000 population (2009)
[see also: Physicians density country ranks ]

Hospital bed density:
1.3 beds/1,000 population (2009)
[see also: Hospital bed density country ranks ]

Sanitation facility access:

urban: 76% of population
rural: 66% of population
total: 73% of population
urban: 24% of population
rural: 34% of population
total: 27% of population

HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:
less than 0.1% (2001 est.)
country comparison to the world: 130
[see also: HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate country ranks ]

HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:
fewer than 500 (2003 est.)
country comparison to the world: 151
[see also: HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS country ranks ]

HIV/AIDS - deaths:
[see also: HIV/AIDS - deaths country ranks ]

Major infectious diseases:
degree of risk: intermediate
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
note: highly pathogenic H5N1 avian influenza has been identified in this country; it poses a negligible risk with extremely rare cases possible among US citizens who have close contact with birds (2009)

Children under the age of 5 years underweight:
7.1% (2006)
country comparison to the world: 72
[see also: Children under the age of 5 years underweight country ranks ]

Education expenditures:
[see also: Education expenditures - percent of GDP country ranks ]

definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 78.2%
male: 86%
female: 70.6% (2010 est.)

School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education):
total: 10 years
male: 11 years
female: 8 years (2005)

NOTE: The information regarding Iraq on this page is re-published from the 2013 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Iraq PEOPLE 2013 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Iraq PEOPLE 2013 should be addressed to the CIA.

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This page was last modified 11-Mar-13
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