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Turkmenistan Communications 2013
http://www.geographic.org/world_fact_book_2013/turkmenistan/turkmenistan_communications.html
SOURCE: 2013 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES


















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Page last updated on February 5, 2013

Telephones - main lines in use:
547,000 (2011)
country comparison to the world: 94

Telephones - mobile cellular:
3.511 million (2011)
country comparison to the world: 120

Telephone system:
general assessment: telecommunications network remains underdeveloped and progress toward improvement is slow; strict government control and censorship inhibits liberalization and modernization
domestic: Turkmentelekom, in cooperation with foreign partners, has installed high speed fiber-optic lines and has upgraded most of the country's telephone exchanges and switching centers with new digital technology; combined fixed-line and mobile teledensity is about 80 per 100 persons; Russia's Mobile Telesystems, the only foreign mobile-cellular service provider in Turkmenistan, had its operating license suspended in December 2010 but was able to resume operations in September 2012
international: country code - 993; linked by fiber-optic cable and microwave radio relay to other CIS republics and to other countries by leased connections to the Moscow international gateway switch; an exchange in Ashgabat switches international traffic through Turkey via Intelsat; satellite earth stations - 1 Orbita and 1 Intelsat (2012)

Broadcast media:
broadcast media is government controlled and censored; 7 state-owned TV and 4 state-owned radio networks; satellite dishes and programming provide an alternative to the state-run media; officials sometimes limit access to satellite TV by removing satellite dishes (2007)

Internet country code:
.tm

Internet hosts:
714 (2012)
country comparison to the world: 176

Internet users:
80,400 (2009)
country comparison to the world: 166


NOTE: The information regarding Turkmenistan on this page is re-published from the 2013 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Turkmenistan Communications 2013 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Turkmenistan Communications 2013 should be addressed to the CIA.



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This page was last modified 11-Mar-13
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