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Turkmenistan PEOPLE 2013
http://www.geographic.org/world_fact_book_2013/turkmenistan/turkmenistan_people.html
SOURCE: 2013 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES


















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Page last updated on February 5, 2013

Nationality:
noun: Turkmen(s)
adjective: Turkmen

Ethnic groups:
Turkmen 85%, Uzbek 5%, Russian 4%, other 6% (2003)

Languages:
Turkmen (official) 72%, Russian 12%, Uzbek 9%, other 7%

Religions:
Muslim 89%, Eastern Orthodox 9%, unknown 2%

Population:
5,054,828 (July 2012 est.)
country comparison to the world: 118

Age structure:
0-14 years: 27.1% (male 692,297/female 675,224)
15-24 years: 21.4% (male 543,084/female 536,190)
25-54 years: 41.3% (male 1,033,580/female 1,055,280)
55-64 years: 6.1% (male 146,739/female 163,987)
65 years and over: 4.1% (male 90,703/female 117,744) (2012 est.)

Median age:
total: 25.8 years
male: 25.4 years
female: 26.3 years (2012 est.)

Population growth rate:
1.143% (2012 est.)
country comparison to the world: 101

Birth rate:
19.55 births/1,000 population (2012 est.)
country comparison to the world: 91

Death rate:
6.21 deaths/1,000 population (July 2012 est.)
country comparison to the world: 158

Net migration rate:
-1.9 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2012 est.)
country comparison to the world: 162

Urbanization:
urban population: 50% of total population (2010)
rate of urbanization: 2.2% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)

Major cities - population:
ASHGABAT (capital) 637,000 (2009)

Sex ratio:
at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.02 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 0.98 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.77 male(s)/female
total population: 0.98 male(s)/female (2011 est.)

Maternal mortality rate:
67 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)
country comparison to the world: 89

Infant mortality rate:
total: 40.89 deaths/1,000 live births
country comparison to the world: 60
male: 48.77 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 32.61 deaths/1,000 live births (2012 est.)

Life expectancy at birth:
total population: 68.84 years
country comparison to the world: 153
male: 65.87 years
female: 71.96 years (2012 est.)

Total fertility rate:
2.14 children born/woman (2012 est.)
country comparison to the world: 109

Health expenditures:
2.3% of GDP (2009)
country comparison to the world: 186

Physicians density:
2.438 physicians/1,000 population (2007)

Hospital bed density:
4.06 beds/1,000 population (2007)

Sanitation facility access:
improved:

urban: 99% of population
rural: 97% of population
total: 98% of population
unimproved:
urban: 1% of population
rural: 3% of population
total: 2% of population

HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:
less than 0.1% (2007 est.)
country comparison to the world: 160

HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:
fewer than 200 (2007 est.)
country comparison to the world: 156

HIV/AIDS - deaths:
fewer than 100 (2004 est.)
country comparison to the world: 150

Education expenditures:
NA

Literacy:
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 98.8%
male: 99.3%
female: 98.3% (1999 est.)


NOTE: The information regarding Turkmenistan on this page is re-published from the 2013 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Turkmenistan PEOPLE 2013 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Turkmenistan PEOPLE 2013 should be addressed to the CIA.



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This page was last modified 11-Mar-13
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